Ganesh Chaturthi is a nationwide celebrated festival. It is celebrated all around the world as birthday of Lord Ganesh. He graces all holy occasions and is believed to be the preserver of all good things and the destroyer of obstruction and bad omen.It is observed during the Hindu month of Bhadra (mid-August to mid-September). Usually the preparations of Ganesh Chaturthi begin about a month before the festival. A lot of preparation goes into Ganesh Chaturthi celebration at home as well.
Ganesh Chaturthi celebration at home begins with installing clay idols of Ganesha bought from the market. A large number of dishes are cooked as offering or Neivedyam for the lord. Modak is a popular food of this festival and is the main offering done to the lord. It is considered to be the lord’s favourite sweet. Other delicacies of this festival include appam, pedha, sundal, barfi, laddoo and karanji.The idol is bathed in scented water (Abhishekam) and then adorned with flowers. The worship begins with chanting mantras to invoke life into the clay idol. Arti of the idol is done twice while singing devotional songs. It is a popular belief that during this time, Lord Ganesha visits the home of his devotees and brings good luck and fortune for them. The ten day festival comes to an end with the immersion of the idol in water. It is believed that Lord Ganesh bids good bye to his devotees after immersion and takes away all their misfortunes with him. Ganesh Chaturthi celebration at home varies from 1 to 11 days.
Thus, the Ganesh Chaturthi celebration at home varies from state to state depending on the various cultural practices.The essence of the festival lies in the destruction of obstacles in the path of success and the acceptance of prosperity and good fortune.It is certainly the most widely celebrated festival in India.